A staircase or stairway is one or more flights of stairs leading from one floor to another, and includes landings, newel posts, handrails, balustrades and additional parts. A staircase is an enclosure which contains the complete stairway. Each of these parts have different names so they can be identified easily. Pitch or slope: It is the angle which the line of the nosing of the stair makes with the floor is called pitch or slop. Flight: A series of steps without an intermediate platform. The Various Parts of a Staircase are as Follows: 01. Following are the various components of staircase: Step. The word itself came from the Latin "castellum" meaning "fortified place." Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. A staircase made of wood has a stringer, treads, risers, railings, landings, and each parts has a specific purpose and lasting safe staircase. The step is composed of the tread and riser. Spindles —the vertical supports that sit between a handrail and base rail. In this article, you are going to learn about the various components and parts of a staircase and stair in details.. We’ll also talk about the requirements for a good stair and principles of design of stair. The various parts for a staircase were traditionally made in a carpenter's workshop and then the staircase was built into the property as it was being built. Step. Special stairways include escalators and ladders. The rail is the part of the railing system that you touch with your hand as you go up and down a stair. The staircase is made up of different parts of stairs. The inner string is the side of the staircase that is set against a wall. The treads and riser of a stair must be in suitable proportions for the purpose of ascent and descent. A stairwell is a compartment extending vertically through a building in which stairs are placed. Landing which extends for full width of the staircase is known as half-space landing. 18.10.2017 - I have a 4 year degree in design with years of experience designing and building homes and offices. About Privacy The tread “depth” is measured from the outer edge of the step to the vertical “riser” between steps. Rise: The vertical distance between two successive thread faces is known as rise. sufficient headroom. A staircase will have two stringers, one on either side of the steps. Balusters – Also called spindles or stair sticks, are the vertical posts that support the rail. Ablutions (ritual washing or wudu) are part of the preparation for Muslim prayer. Landing is used as a resting place during use of the stair. The basic elements of staircases. Cheshire Mouldings have created this simple guide to all elements of staircases so you fully understand what you are looking for when upgrading your stairs or purchasing a new staircase. The width of the landing should not be decrease than the width of the stair. Looking at the image above of a standard staircase, the various parts are: Inner string (closed)/skirting board; Outer string (open) Tread; Riser; Newel Post; Spindle; Handrail; Nosing; Fascia; Landing; Curtail (where finishing newel post would stand) Inner String (closed) or Skirting Board. These terms are also used in the captions on our photographs. 9. Wooden Stairs and stairparts Tradestairs online shop offers staircases stair parts at low trade prices. Staircases may be all sorts sizes and arrangements (with or without landings etc) to suit different properties but the main parts which go up to make any stair case are fairly common. Skip to content Menu Newel posts - Newels are the large post found at the foot and at the top of any flight of stairs. stair known as a waist. The back part of the step is the riser. This is generally made rounded to give more pleasing appearance and makes the staircase easy to negotiate. Closed String – A string with the face housed/trenched to accommodate treads and risers, so their profile cannot be seen. Line of nosing: It is an imaginary line parallel to the string and tangential to the nosings. Find out more about what material is best for your balustrade here. The main features of staircases have not changed over the years, although the style has changed - the newel posts and balusters were often more ornate on older staircases, later balusters were sometimes covered by a solid in-fill (older staircases which were updated often had the balusters covered with hardboard, removing this may reveal the original balusters). Staircases are no exception to this rule. The width of the stair should be reasonable so that it can be carried without much inconvenience to the user, depending on its location and types of building. The part of the stairway that you step on. Balustrade: The mixed framework of handrail and balusters is called as balustrade, used to offer safety for the customers of the stair. Components of Stairs Terminologies Used During Staircase Design. Bullnose. general requirements which a stair should fulfil. A stair is a set of steps leading from one floor to another. Step: ... extending to full width of staircase is known as half spaced landing and the landing extending to only half across a staircase is called as quarter space landing. Staircases may be all sorts sizes and arrangements (with or without landings etc) to suit different properties but the main parts which go up to make any stair case are fairly common. Contact Us. Baluster: It is vertical member of wood or steel, supporting the handrail. Alternatively, there may be a fountain-like structure along a wall or in a courtyard. The ascent and descent of a state should be relatively easy, there should be a ratio of going and rising. The staircase is made up of different parts of stairs like stringer, treads, risers, railings, landings, and each of those parts has specific purpose. Now you should be able to easily communicate what stair design you want to your contractor or builder :). Soffit: The bottommost flat inclined surface of waist. The tread is the horizontal element where we place our feet. Running water is available, often with small stools or seats to make it easier to sit down to wash the feet. Knowledge of various elements of a staircase and the construction of a simple staircase is essential to all … Nosing. Sometimes a space for ablutions is set aside in a restroom or washroom. A horizontal platform between two successive flight of a stair is called landing. Nosing: Nosing is the outer projecting edge of a tread. Mostly used as a supportive and decorative accent in residential stairs and … These parts all work together to construct a solitary, firm staircase. Stair Parts Terminology Dictionary. Going The individual going is the term for the measurement from face of riser to face of riser. The Two Main Stair Components The two main parts of the staircase are the tread and the riser. Following are the various components of a staircase: Step. Headroom: It is the minimum clear vertical distance between the thread and overhead construction, i.e. Thread: It is the high flat or horizontal part of a step on which the foot is positioned for ascending or descending. The Different Parts of a Staircase. The side of the staircase that is against the wall. A typical staircase is illustrated below with the main parts identified with more detailed definitions of each below. Understanding the terms used to describe a staircase makes it easier to be specific about what you want when ordering your hardwood stairs and railings. Staircases maybe in all shapes and arrangements to suit different properties but the main parts which go up to make any staircases are fairly common. Types of Stair | Stairs Parts Names & Details 24th September 2020 by Krunal Rajput 3 Comments Types of Staircase • The stairs may be built with wood, concrete masonry, or cast iron.• Hand rail: It is a moulded member of wood or metal, provided to afford assistance and safeguard to a person while going over a staircase, the handrails are fixed at the top of balusters. 01952 602750 01952 602750. A staircase made of various parts has essentials for a safe and durability, various parts of stairs includes treads, risers, etc. Baserails Unstructured vertical height should be provided i.e. Stair parts are confusing for most people because the terminology is completely foreign. Step: It is comprised of a tread and a riser; stairs composed of a set of steps. The assembled section of stair parts including newels, balusters and handrail – also called Handrail System. You would normally also have a nosing on this that slightly overlaps the riser. Additionally, a staircase will typically contain contain a balustrade, which contains a series of vertical balusters, or posts, to keep you from falling off the side, thick starter posts and hand rails. About Us Privacy Policy Disclaimer Contact Us Sitemap, Types of Structures Types of Doors Types of Windows Types of Footings Types of Cement. The collective name for the parts on a complete staircase, i.e. Now I’d like to hear from you, which section was new to you or maybe I missed something. It should not be less than 2.1 to 2.3 meters so that even a tall person can use a stair with the same accessories on his head. Understanding Railing, Staircase & Everything in Between. Riser and treads must be in dimensions, so it provides customers consolation, their ratio must also be such that it will probably provide the desirable pitch of stairs. Items: items Value: View Cart Checkout . Waist: The thickness of structural slab in case of plan R.C.C. A stair must be located in buildings where there is light and ventilation, it should be located to provide easy access for the occupants of the building. When they are used, they determine the height of the step. (See Cut or Open String). The bit you walk on is the ‘tread’, and the height is made with ‘risers’. The part of the stairway that is stepped on. Scotia: It is a moulding offered under the nosing to enhance the elevation of the step and to supply power to the nosing. The riser is … A stair stringer (also called ‘string’ or ‘stringer board’) is the housing on either side of a flight of stairs, into which the treads and risers are fixed. If possible, the stairs parts should be located in the center so that it is easily accessible from different corners of the building. Read on as we list 15 defining parts of … Stairs and Lifts. I hope the diagram and photos of my own staircase help you to understand where the various stair parts are. Some stairs do not have risers. The treads should be 250 mm to 325 mm wide, treads less than 250 mm width should have a hole of about 25 mm. Going through 30 cm shouldn’t be lower than 25 cm, the rise must be between 10 cm to 15 cm. Strings: These are the sloping members which assist the steps in a parts of stairs. Run: It is the complete length of stairs parts in a horizontal plane, including landings. A stairs are arrangement of steps that allows the person to move from lower to higher floor or higher to lower floor. The baluster is a vertical member of metal or wood and supporting a handrail. Here are a couple of illustrations with the names of the parts of a staircase. 09. 1. In this post, we covered the most common staircase terms: stair railing, riser, newel post, stair landing, baluster (or spindle), tread, stringer, and nose. The rise should be between 100 minutes to 150 mm and going should not be less than 250 mm and 300 minutes is quite comfortable. ceiling. Newel – A central or supporting pillar of a spiral staircase, or the head or the foot post on a stairway. Going: It is the horizontal distance between two successive riser faces. Stairs, staircase, stairway, stairwell, and flight of stairs are all names for a construction designed to bridge a large vertical distance by dividing it into smaller vertical distances, called steps.Stairways may be straight, round, or may consist of two or more straight pieces connected at angles. Knowing the definition of a balustrade and a gooseneck doesn't come up in most conversation, but is necessary to know if you plan on remodeling or building a new staircase. Nowadays most buildings are made more than one storey high. handrail, base rail, spindles, newel posts etc. There are various components or parts of a staircase which have their own functions. My Cart. Newel post: These are principal posts supporting a handrail, positioned on the ends of flights to attach the ends of strings and handrail. When this is missing it is called an open plan staircase. The “width” is … The baluster is supporting the handrail or the caping of a parapet of the staircase. Built by nobles, they were fortresses for the military, homes for nobility or royalty, and often built in enemy territory, so they had to be well protected. Riser: It is the vertical portion of a step offering support to the thread. Modern, mass produced staircases tend to use glued blocks between both the treads/stringers and the treads/risers. Balustrade parts are available in wood, glass and metal. Terms & Conds; Login; Contact Us; Search; 01952 602750 01952 602750. The post (also called a newel) is the vertical structure that connects the stair or floor to the railing system. Nosing: The projecting edge of the tread is normally termed as nosing. Modern practice is for staircase parts (or complete simple staircases) to be mass produced so that the assembly on site is minimised. Various Components or Parts of Staircase and their Details. A newel, also called a central pole or support column, is the central supporting pillar of a staircase.It can also refer to an upright post that supports and/or terminates the handrail of a stair banister (the "newel post"). Stair Landing: It is a flat platform at the top or bottom of a flight between the floors, it facilitates the change of direction. Riser The vertical portion between each tread. Stairs are designed to provide an easy and quick access to the different floors. It is constructed to the same specifications (thickness) as any other flooring. A typical staircase is illustrated below with the main parts identified with more detailed definitions of each below. It facilitates the change of direction of the flight. Risers are the vertical pieces at the back of each step that keeps your toe from going any further. The traditional method (as right) for fixing the treads and risers to the stringers was to use wedges in slots in the stringers with the front of the treads and tops of the risers were secured to each other by glued blocks. Header: The horizontal structural member supporting stair stringer or landings. Tread. Tread – A stair tread is the horizontal part of the step that a person will stand on, and along with the riser, is an integral part of a staircase. Either way, let me know by leaving a comment below. A few technical terms generally used for the design of staircases are given below. It is mainly made up of plastic, steel, wood and some times with stones. The room or enclosure of the building in which the stair is located is known as a staircase.. Contact Us . The threads and risers are … © Copyright 2006-2020 practicalDIY.com - All rights reserved. A flight should not contain more than 12 steps or less than 3 steps to give comfort and safety. It should be constructed of sound materials and with good workmanship, the material used for the construction for various parts of stairs should be as follows: The number of steps should not be more than 12 and not less than 3 for the comfort approach. Landing extending for only half the width of staircase is known as quarter space landing. Discover all the main parts of a staircase here with this helpful illustrated diagram pointing out each part of a staircase including baluster, stringer, tread, handrail, riser and more. Which means there should be a way to go from one storey of the building to another. They can also be found at key junctures of a staircase, for example where there is a … Also known as a balustrade. Stairplan Ltd - Tradestairs.com Hortonwood 1, Telford, Shropshire, TF1 7GN, United Kingdom. It is also called the spindle. Circular Stair – Alternate name for a curved or helical or part curved staircase. Image Credit: Mike Schumann/iStock/Getty Images. 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