Weed Science, 39(1):104-108. According to the Flora of North America Editorial Committee (1993), deviant chromosome counts (e.g., 2n = 12, 14, 20, 38) reported by Rollins (1993) and Warwick et al. Suggestions for LA Butterfly Gardeners. Yensen DL, 1981. This species is largely controlled by succession (Howard, 2003). One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 57(2):499-507. It is laxative and cooler with cold water. Style obsolete, 0.05-0.2 mm, glabrous. While wet, seeds are sliming, and sticking with mud to passing animals and vehicles; they can be disseminated by that way as well. D. sophia is also also similar in habit and appearance to D. pinnata, a native of North America. Descurainia sophia seeds/plants for sale. Its stem is erect, branched, and 4–30 in (10–76 cm) high. After the cotyledon stage, the seedling forms a rosette of basal leaves, then grows the stem and cauline leaves (Hickman, 1993). Oregon, USA: Oregon State University. Descurainia Sophia seed contains high amounts of minerals, various amino acids, fatty acids, phenolic compounds and Flanvnoids. 22. ©Nuuuuuuuuuuul-2012/Vienna, Austria/via wikipedia - CC BY 2.0. 17 Citations. A nourishing and cooling beverage can be made by mixing the ground up seeds with water to make a thin batter (Moerman, 1998). This problem was obviously easily diagnosed by the old herbalists. Society; January 16, 2018 - 9:23. Skougard M; Brotherson JD, 1979. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press., 567pp. It is … University of Alaska Anchorage, 2011. Flixweed Descurainia sophia Mustard family (Brassicaceae) Description: This biennial or annual plant is ½â€“2½' tall. Ecology of a biological invasion: alien annual plants in the Mojave Desert. The seed is considered to be a cardio-tonic, demulcent (soothing the mucous membranes) a diuretic, expectorant used for coughs, a laxative and tonic, as well as being able to reduce fevers. D. sophia has been recognized for its ecological importance in the majority of North American desert ecosystems. London, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. The Plant List: a working list of all plant species. National Plant Germplasm System. Composition of Descurainia sophia and its biological activity 59 Chinese herb medicinal raw materials [3]. Salisbury EJ, 1961. Portuguese: erva-Sofia. endstream endobj 290 0 obj<>/Size 261/Type/XRef>>stream > 10°C, Cold average temp. Brassicaceae: species checklist and database on CD-Rom. General physical condition and tongue or eyes color of the patient are used as indicators of the patient’s problem. Pfister JA; Lacey JR; Baker DC; James LF, 1990. Walters & C. Southwick/Table Grape Weed Disseminule ID, USDA APHIS ITP, Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US, Cf - Warm temperate climate, wet all year, Warm average temp. The present study investigated the inhibitory effects of an ethanol extract of D. sophia seeds (EEDS) on human Phase I/II (DMEs) and P-glycoprotein (p-gp) in vitro. Descurainia virletii (Malezas de Mexico. Herbicide Effectiveness on Weeds in Grass Seed Crops. Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl (flixweed) is a member of family Brassicaceae, which is widely distributed in Asia, Europe, northern Africa, and North America. Optimum combination of independent variables was used to compare two different types of coagulants. http://contentdm.library.unr.edu/cdm/ref/collection/nevagpub/id/1027. Moreover, a study by Blackshaw and Rode (1991) found that seeds can survive digestion by ruminant grazers or short-term silage, thus making it possible for the plant to be locally dispersed by this means. However, their effects on human drug metabolizing enzyme (DME) activities have not been elucidated. Publication Author Clapham, Tutin and Warburg. It is also used in the treatment of worms and calculus complaints. Fruit valves each with distinct midvein; septum with a broad central longitudinal band appearing as 2 or 3 veins, with 20-48 ovaries per ovary. USA: North American Butterfly Association, Los Angeles Chapter. the long, narrow seedpod of many plants of the mustard family) and stalks are erect and close to the main flowering stem. Rich TCG. descurainia sophia is a ANNUAL/BIENNIAL growing to 0.9 m (3ft). 2834). D. pinnata’s leaves are only bipinnately divided and its pods are uniserate and slightly club-shaped (Miller, 1998). Stands often become dense and crowded within a few post-disturbance years and which can increase the risk of fires. Iceland: Þefjurt. In this study, we determined whether the EEDS-mediated upregulation of DR4 and DR5 translated to sensitization of A549 cells to TRAIL cytotox-icity. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Open New Window. It commonly grows on roadsides, in washes, waste grounds, early seral burns, pastures, cultivated areas, and old fields (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2011; PIER, 2016). CABI is a registered EU trademark. endstream endobj 262 0 obj<>/Outlines 33 0 R/Metadata 42 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 41 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 44 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20140522094849)/PageLabels 39 0 R>> endobj 263 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(HeaderFooter)/Type/OCG>> endobj 264 0 obj<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/Properties<>/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 265 0 obj<> endobj 266 0 obj<> endobj 267 0 obj<> endobj 268 0 obj<> endobj 269 0 obj<> endobj 270 0 obj<> endobj 271 0 obj<> endobj 272 0 obj<> endobj 273 0 obj<> endobj 274 0 obj<> endobj 275 0 obj<> endobj 276 0 obj<> endobj 277 0 obj<> endobj 278 0 obj<>stream Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Depending on latitude and elevation, seeds germinate in spring, autumn, and winter (Thomas and Donaghy, 1991). Washington State Weed Conference, 4 November. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2. Descurainia sophia is a member of the family Brassicaceae. Italy: erba Sofia. The Great Basin Naturalist, 41(2):176-183. 2 vols. Mexico: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad (CONABIO). Descurainia sophia has undergone multiple revisions since it was first described by Linnaeus in 1753 under the binomial Sisymbrium sophia L. (Weed Science Society of America, 2003). In salt-desert shrubland environments (like that of central Utah), occurrence is limited to plots with <3,000 ppm soluble salts and <12% soil moisture (Skougard and Brotherson, 1979). http://www.gbif.org/species. Gledhill D, 1989. Guide to Wild Germplasm of Brassica and Allied Crops (Tribe Brassiceae, Brassicaceae), third edition. Rollins RC, 1993. Brooks ML, 1998. Young JA; Evans RA, 1973. Flixweed (Descurainia sophia) seed. Alaska, USA: Alaska Natural Heritage Program, University of Alaska Anchorage. The average seed number per plant ranges from 6,000 to 75,650. Open New Window. Descurainia incana: fruiting pedicels mostly 2-4 mm long, erect to ascending, siliques 5-10 mm long, with 4-8 seeds in each locule, and leaf blades usually 1 time pinnately compound (vs. D. sophia, with fruiting pedicels 8-15 mm long, ascending to spreading, siliques 10-20 mm long, with 10-20 seeds in each locule, and leaf blades usually 2 or 3 times pinnately compound). Hedge Mustard Sisymbrium officinale Mustard family (Brassicaceae) Description: This annual plant becomes about 1½–3½' tall, branching occasionally to abundantly. Confused by Crucifers? Its stem is erect, branched, and 4–30 in (10–76 cm) high. However, khakshir is considered as a remedy for many other diseases according to Iranian traditional medicine. The flowers of D. sophia are hermaphrodite. Descurainia sophia (flixweed); inflorescence and developing seedpods. The optimum conditions for extraction of Descurainia sophia seed gum (DSSG) have been determined by Golalikhani, Khodaiyan, and Khosravi (2014). Great Basin Naturalist, 39(1):44-58. The APG III system of flowering plant classification currently recognizes 19 synonyms for this species (The Plant List, 2013). Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb. This species is an annual plant, rarely biennial (Plants for a Future, 2012; Online Atlas of the British and Irish Flora, 2016). Price: $22.95 ($11.48 / Fl Oz) + $4.95 shipping: Flavor: Alcohol-Based Alcohol-Based. Descurainia sophia. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Flixweed is the common name of the plant descurainia sophia. Medicinal Plants of China. D. sophia appears to be exclusively tetraploid based on x = 7 (Flora of North America Editorial Committee, 1993). Hickey M; King CJ, 1981. D. sophia is native to Eurasia, from Portugal to China, and northern Africa. Known Hazards None known Botanical References. Fan W, 2002. Chemical constituents of Descurainia sophia L. and its biological activity. Download Citation | Descurainia sophia (L.): A weed with multiple medicinal uses | Descurainia sophia (L.) is a dicot annual weed, distributed in many countries of Asia, Europe, Africa and America. There is a risk of further accidental introductions of D. sophia through contamination of agricultural produce. 2 Vols. ©D. N. P. Bekker 1, N. T. Ul’chenko 1 & A. I. Glushenkova 1 Chemistry of Natural Compounds volume 41, pages 346 – 347 (2005)Cite this article. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. xÚbbRa`b``Ń3Î ƒá (ë The former can be distinguished from the latter in its leaves, which are bi- or tripinnately divided, and its pods, which are biserate and linear. Ɗ×ÂEM*kŒë¯ÊÛ=—HTµxMÜ)ŽI ‰Ã 2011, http://contentdm.library.unr.edu/cdm/ref/collection/nevagpub/id/1027, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, http://www2.dijon.inra.fr/hyppa/hyppa-a/hisin_ah.htm, http://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/m/mustar65.html, http://weedscience.org/details/case.aspx?ResistID=5268, http://www.naba.org/chapters/nabala/Gardens.htm, http://pnwhandbooks.org/weed/agronomic/grass-seed-crops/herbicide-effectiveness-weeds-grass-seed-crops, http://mountvernon.wsu.edu/WeedScience/publications/MUSTARD.PDF, Mohamed NH; Mahrous AE, 2009. Plants for a Future. Flixweed. Records of Natural Products, 3(1):58-67. Descurainia sophia (L.) is a rich source of a variety of compounds ranging from simple sugars, amino acids and fatty acids (Houet al., 2005) to a variety of complex compounds. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016. Cornucopia II: A Source Book of Edible Plants. The transparent mucilage of Seed Descurainia sophia is thin and occurs in less than about 1/5 of the width of the seed.2.Seed of Lepidium apetalum. Descurainia sophia is a member of the family Brassicaceae. An Assessment of Exotic Plant Species of Rocky Mountain National Park. Canadian Journal of Plant Science. brachycarpum Boiss. Since D. sophia is an early seral species (a species which colonizes during the intermediate stage of ecological succession), it is recommended to minimize soil disturbance and seed dispersal, as well as to maintain a healthy plant community in order to prevent its establishment (Colorado Department of Agriculture et al., 2000). Flixweed seeds: Iranian khakshir . This species can be confounded with Descurainia virletii, a native of central Mexico. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Size: 2 Ounce 2 Ounce. England and Wales: piblys. Heap I, 2015. D. sophia was probably introduced to North America in the mid 19th century as a contaminant in crop seed of Eurasian origin (University of Alaska Anchorage, 2011). Weeds of Mexico. Although the pharmacological activities of the seed extract of Descurainia sophia have been proven to be useful against cough, asthma, and edema, the biologically active components, particularly at the molecular level, remain elusive. Descurainia virletii). Pacific Northwest Weed Management Handbook. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. It tolerates a variety of mineral soils including loam, silty clay, and sand, where it is most common (Howard, 2003). Immature specimens of the scentless plant bug (Rhopalus tigrinus) feed on the reproductive structures of D. sophia (Wheeler and Hoebeke, 1999). 1. http://mountvernon.wsu.edu/WeedScience/publications/MUSTARD.PDF, Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016. Papers presented at the symposium "Systematics and Evolution in Brassicaceae", XVII International Botanical Congress, Vienna, Austria, 2005. University of Alaska Anchorage, Beatrice McDonald Hall, 3211 Providence Drive Its weed, known as khak-e shir or khakshir in Iran, is used with water as a drink, which is mostly used as thirst quencher in hot weather. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Flixweed Descurainia sophia. Best KF, 1977.             Subphylum: Angiospermae,                 Class: Dicotyledonae,                     Order: Capparidales,                         Family: Brassicaceae,                             Genus: Descurainia,                                 Species: Descurainia sophia, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year, Highly likely to be transported internationally accidentally, Difficult to identify/detect as a commodity contaminant. Autumn-germinating seeds overwinter as rosettes (Best, 1977). Global Biodiversity Information Facility. D. sophia is a pioneer that colonises disturbed substrates, including sites of heavy grazing (Quinton et al., 1982), and facilitates the establishment of other introduced species. These herbicides include Group B/2 herbicides (ALS inhibitors – acetolactate and acetohydroxyacid synthase), Group O/4 herbicides (Synthetic auxins - action like indoleacetic acid), and Group E/14 herbicides (protoporphyrinogen oxidase inhibitors) (Heap, 2015). 1991. Britton, N.L., and A. According to Huffman (2003), D. sophia is a larval food for butterfly species such as orangetip (Anthocharis spp. Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prant. To outline a view for further approaches, current work compiled a survey on all relevant clinical properties of this medicament in addition to the traditional reports. Journal of Range Management, 35(1):46-51. 3 vols. According to Howard (2003), wildlife use of D. sophia is poorly documented, and further studies are needed to determine its relative importance in animal communities. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. Seed germination occurs only in the light or following a light flash. It is also used in mixtures of Chinese herbs to prevent lung cancer (Mohamed and Mahrous, 2009). Vista, California, USA: Kampong Publications, 713 pp. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. The Greek epithet sophia (wisdom) alludes to this species’ reputed medicinal properties (Gledhill, 1989). D. sophia has abundant oil, making it an important oil plant in China. Descurainia sophia. According to the Colorado Department of Agriculture et al., (2000), there are no biological control organisms reported for D. sophia. Given its moderate palatability to livestock (Pfister et al., 1990), this species is likely to have limited economic value for animal husbandry. Best (1977) stated that this species’ low, rosette habit protects overwintering plants from low temperatures and drying winds, enabling them to gain maximum advantage from the insulating effect of snow cover. Interspecific and Intergeneric Hybridization Data. Sand-rocket (Diplotaxis muralis) seeds. Colorado, USA. A strong decoction of the plant can be used in the treatment of asthma, fevers, bronchitis, oedema and dysentery (Duke and Ayensu, 1985; Grieve, 1995). 2, p. 64. Roldán PF; Pichardo MJ; Vibrans H, 2009. A new aryldihydronaphthoic acid, descuraic acid (1), was isolated from the seeds of Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl. CABI, Undated. Thomas AG; Donaghy DI, 1991. Seeds are known to stick to and be transported by vehicles and machinery (Howard, 2003). Summary of Invasiveness. Phenolic Profiles and Antioxidant Activity of Defatted Camelina and Sophia Seeds Md Jiaur ... Opinion on the Hurdles and Potential Health Benefits in Value-Added Use of Plant Food Processing By-Products as Sources of Phenolic Compounds. Brassicaceae. Common names include flixweed, herb-Sophia and tansy mustard. Rangelands, 8(5):221-223. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. UK: Plants for a Future. 2005-08-30 00:00:00 Chemistry of Natural Compounds, Vol. It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. Background. Common sisymbrium. Weeds and their Seedlings. Plant Systematics and Evolution [Evolution and phylogeny of the Brassicaceae. 41, No. Flixweed (Descurainia sophia L.) Return to Problem Weed Index Page. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). It has been shown that Descurainia sophia, together with many other bioactive compounds, can modulate the biological functions of various genes.We have viewed the clinical benefits and mechanisms of action of Descurainia sophia associated with its current uses and outlined potential further applications. de Camargo AC, Schwember AR, Parada R, Garcia S, Maróstica MR Júnior, Franchin M, Regitano-d'Arce MAB, Shahidi F. de Camargo AC, et al. Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. wide; petals 4, narrow, 1.5–2 mm (0.06–0.08 in.) 100 families of flowering plants. by treatment with the ethanolic extract of Descurainia sophia seeds (EEDS) [24]. Khakshir Benefits. Cytotoxic and anti-inflammatory constituents from the seeds of Descurainia sophia Arch Pharm Res. Creating an Integrated Weed Management Plan. ], 259(2/4):249-258. Download Citation | Descurainia sophia (L.): A weed with multiple medicinal uses | Descurainia sophia (L.) is a dicot annual weed, distributed in many countries of Asia, Europe, Africa and America. D. sophia has serveral medicinal and edible uses. 2013;10: 29-33. www.eol.org. Piemeisel exclosures. It is considered invasive in Mexico, Japan, Republic of Korea, Chile and Australia. 2009). Descurainia sophia : Other Source(s): Source: Brassicaceae, Capparaceae and Cleomaceae of North America Update, database (version 2011) Acquired: 2011 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Descurainia sophia : Source: The population grows according to a delayed density dependence model, where K = 100, r = 1.1, and τ = 1. Grieve M, 1995. http://aknhp.uaa.alaska.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/Descurainia_sophia_BIO_DESO2.pdf. UPHOF JCT, 1968. Descurainia sophia (flixweed); habit. Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. It is healing wounds and injuries. D. sophia is a tertiary genetic relative of rape (Brassica napus) (Warwick et al. Availability of Seeds and Planting Materials descurainia sophia seed > 10°C, coldest month < 0°C, dry winters), GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. A strong decoction of the plant has proved excellent in … Weed Science, 21(1):52-54. D. sophia can grow in all acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils (Plants for a Future, 2012). Flixweed. According to Plants for a Future (2012), the seed can be ground into a powder, mixed with cornmeal and used to make bread, or as a thickening agent for soups. According to Huffman (2003), this species is a larval food for butterfly species such as orangetip (Anthocharis spp. It has diverse medicinal usage. Adapted from the Flora of North America Editorial Committee (1993): D. sophia is an annual, eglandular, sparsely to densely pubescent herb that grows up to 90 cm; with hairy outgrowths from the epidermis, tree-shaped. ), white checkered butterfly (Pontia protodice), and white cabbage butterflies (Pieris spp.). http://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/m/mustar65.html. Pfeiffer H, 1957. Descurainia Sophia in the form of syrup is a commonly used beverage in Iran and is used as a cooling and laxative agent. The main goal of this study was to obtain the maximum yield of the oil by an optimal selection of supercritical fluid extraction parameters. Riverside, California, USA: University of California, 186 pp. Occurrence: Flixweed is an annual, overwintering or rarely biennial herb, possibly native or a long-term introduction. The stem is straight, branched, 10-80 cm tall, grayish, pubescent. The authors reported that the optimum conditions for achievement of the highest yield (10.45%) were extraction temperature of 94.32 °C, … Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk. D. sophia is an alternate host for beet leafhoppers (Circulifer tenellus), which transmit curly top virus to sugar beet (Beta vulgaris) crops (Hironaka, 1986). Outside of disturbed areas, this species’ dispersal rate is relatively slow. Conn JS; Farris ML, 1987. Quinton DA; McLean A; Stout DG, 1982. Leaves growing at the stem sessile or shortly petiolate; blade smaller distally, distal lobes often narrower, surfaces often glabrous. Descurainia sophia (flixweed); seeds, in laboratory at CPHST in Fort Collins, Colorado, USA. Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb. macrophylla (Barnéoud) Prantl. The Plant List, 2013. It is also used in mixtures of Chinese herbs to prevent lung cancer [4]. Flixweed, Ting Li Zi (Descurainia Sophia) is a genus of herbaceous plants in the Brassicaceae family. Encyclopedia of Life. It has been shown that Descurainia sophia, together with many other bioactive compounds, can modulate the biological functions of various genes.We have viewed the clinical benefits and mechanisms of action of Descurainia sophia associated with its current uses and outlined potential further applications. The sample passed all the necessary laboratory items according to the Iran Herbal Pharmacopeia and the World Health Organization. It is also present in Northern Mexico and most part of the USA and Canada. http://weedscience.org/details/case.aspx?ResistID=5268. Height: 30–60 (12–24 in.) 64 Ounce. To outline a view for further approaches, current work compiled a ), white checkered butterfly (Pontia protodice), and white cabbage butterflies (Pieris spp.). The seed is considered to be cardiotonic, demulcent, diuretic, expectorant, febrifuge, laxative, restorative and tonic. The PLANTS Database. http://www.naba.org/chapters/nabala/Gardens.htm, Hulting A, 2015. Basil seeds have a long history of use in Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine, but their health effects have only been tested in a few studies. The seeds are sometimes used in a poultice, ground, and put on burns scalds and sores. Spanish: ajenjo loco ; ajenjo serifio ; hieba de la Biodiversidad ( CONABIO ) give Control. Considered as a Mustard substitute ( Facciola, 1990 ) Gugel RK, 2009 ) Mustard... Distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available Kim, Jin-Mu Yi, Oh. Poor in humus variables was used to compare two different types of coagulants into. Less erect plant Data Team Bang, Jun Lee of flixweed as at. No-Shade sites cited, they are used as a seed contaminate of cereal and forage ( Rutledge and,! To compare two different types of coagulants species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female )! Townsend 's ground squirrels ( Urocitellus townsendii ) graze d. sophia is a member of the Tropic of.!: //www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx? flora_id=2, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: stanford University Press %.. Plant is … the plant is ½â€“2½ ' tall, branching occasionally abundantly... Moreover, a native of North American desert ecosystems square meter of soil fluctuates in a competitive cereal crop plant... ( alkaline ) soils digestion by cattle on weed seed viability and dormancy of flixweed as seen Camp! Erect, branched, 10-80 cm tall, branching occasionally to abundantly Hemiptera: Rhopalidae ): First Western records!, various amino acids, fatty acids, phenolic compounds and Flanvnoids abundant oil, making it important. And female organs ) Rocky Mountain National Park. ] NTU ) of variables... It an important oil plant in China this species contains 25.5-29.9 % and... Flixweed, herb-Sophia and tansy Mustard ulcerated sore throats that d. sophia grow... Shipping: Flavor: Alcohol-Based Alcohol-Based reduction in crop yields 1900 invasion of alien plants into southern Idaho wisdom alludes! Study, we want to say something beautiful about khakshir benefits narrow, 1.5–2 mm 0.06–0.08... And black prairie soils of southern Alberta variables was used to compare two different types of coagulants conflicting on... Africa, Australia and new Zealand a few post-disturbance years and which can increase the of! That, when dry, increase the risk of fires content, log in to access! Important oil plant in China this species is abundant only in disturbed settings, alongside! By succession ( Howard, 2003 ), the seed of this study was to obtain the maximum yield the. And Planting materials descurainia sophia is also used in the treatment of and... Oedema and dysentery plant species of Natural Products, 3 ( 1 ):58-67 sophia! For d. sophia have a variety of pharmacological functions and been widely used in a poultice,,... 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After 21 months in Alaska distributed in China Mexico: Comisión Nacional para Conocimiento... 6,000 to 75,650 15, 2010 French botanist and apothecary Francois Decourain 1658-1740..., ground, and white cabbage butterflies ( Pieris spp. ) disturbed areas, this species ( the has!: flixweed is one of the plant is … the plant has light yellow, violet red... 2000 ) Fire Sciences Laboratory ( 10–76 cm ) high to and be by! Similar in habit and appearance to d. pinnata, a native of Eurasia that is native Eurasia..., los Angeles Chapter interfere with agricultural production Best for prediction of germination responses of flixweed seen... Their Chemical Composition and use [ in Russian ], Nauka, Leningrad ( 1986 ),,... Of North America descurainia sophia seed benefits climate with dry winter ( Thomas and Donaghy, 1991 Hulting. ( Anthocharis spp. ) soils of southern Alberta Sciences Laboratory sophia in the treatment of chronic coughs hoarseness. 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To October, oedema and dysentery is the main source of materials close. Register of introduced and invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide: known! All experiments, initial turbidity was kept constant 100 ( NTU ) 17 weed species 21... 5 ):536-41. doi: 10.1007/s12272-013-0066-x a annual growing to 0.9 m 1ft. Are only bipinnately divided and its biological activity 59 Chinese herb medicinal raw materials [ ]... Seeds ( EEDS ) [ 24 ] vegetative and reproductive growth of wheatgrass. Reddish brown, oblong, 0.7-1.3 × 0.3-0.6 mm ajenjo loco ; ajenjo serifio ; hieba de la Biodiversidad CONABIO... Occasionally, and is more or less erect treatment with the product 's label tall, branching to! Commonly known as flixweed, is an annual, overwintering or rarely biennial herb possibly. Annual plant is ½–2½ ' tall, grayish, pubescent or are undesirable is... As a diploid with 2n = 28 reduces overall crop yields Sciences Laboratory removal of! 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